Military Education

Curriculum development, pedagogy, standards and evaluation, professional development, academic freedom, case studies/simulations/exercises, professional collegiality in military education.

Current Chair and Contact for Working group

Nuno Alberto Rodrigues Santos Loureiro, Military University Institute of Portugal,  

Nuno Santos Loureiro, is a Portuguese Air Force Officer. He holds a bachelor's degree in Military and Aeronautical Technologies (Air Force Academy); degree in Business Management (Languages and Administration Institute - Lisbon); postgraduate in Military and Aeronautical Sciences (Military Higher Studies Institute) and in Military Sciences - Security and Defense (Military Higher Studies Institute). He started is military career as an aircraft maintenance engineer and became aircraft maintenance manager of the Portuguese EH-101 Merlin and C-295M fleets. He is currently military teacher in the scientific field of Human Behavior and Health in Military Context at the Military University Institute, in the areas of Communication, Leadership and Resources Administration. He is an integrated researcher at the Research and Development Center of Military University Institute, and he is fulfilling a doctorate program in Education, at the NOVA Lisbon University. His areas of research include adult learning, lifelong education, use of information and communication technologies in education, teaching and learning effectiveness, and transfer of learning.

Past chairs

David Last, Royal Military College of Canada, 2014-2019

Paul Mitchell, Canadian Forces College, 2011-2014


WG 9 is a multidisciplinary working group drawing on any field relevant to higher education and professional development.

The Military education working group looks inwards at military education institutions and outwards to their place in society. It addresses the professional business of research, teaching and service within higher education institutions serving the defence community, and it addresses the evolution and role of higher defence education institutions in society and the international community. Its subjects may also interest Working Groups 6, 7, and 8. 

Keyword descriptors*

Education, systems and institutions, teaching and learning; Organization studies; Political systems and institutions; governance; Communication networks, media, information society; Evolution of mind and cognitive functions; Epistemology, logic, philosophy of science.  

Topics addressed include, but are not limited to:

Curriculum development, pedagogy, standards and evaluation, professional development, bodies of knowledge, academic freedom, case studies/simulations/exercises, practitioner research, institutional studies, professional collegiality in military education, international cooperation, epistemic communities, networks of learning, communities of practice. 

Scope: What is the aim and purpose of this WG?

The military education working group aims to improve higher education of military leaders, through practitioner research, communities of practice and networks of learning. These processes are also subjects for study and reporting to improve both individual and institutional practice. 

Participants and contributors who wish to consider revisions to the working group's aim and purpose should contact the Working Group Chair. 

Working group activities include:

·produce a Handbook on Field Studies in Peace and Conflict (a multiyear collaboration between Norwich University US, and RMC Canada to produce a guide for cadets conducting self-directed experiential learning) 

·find authors to contribute to the proposed Handbook of Military Sciences in fields related to military education

·support evaluation of equivalencies by comparing notes between institutions

·support enhancement of curricula content by linking to experts in other institutions (e.g. requests by University of Namibia – WG Chair finds additional resources and helps link)

·share curricula, course outlines, reading lists and expert biographies 

·provide a clearing house for enquiries about sabbaticals and faculty exchanges (limited to establishing initial contacts)

·share notifications of conferences and publications of interest to members of the working group 

·coordinate special journal issues or publication of relevant work by organizing panels and linking authors to editors


The Military Education Working Group started in 2011 and had its first panel at RMC Kingston. Sweden’s National Defence University and Paul Mitchell at the Canadian Forces College were instrumental in organizing panels. Since then, papers have tended to cluster around teaching within institutions, and the role of institutions in national and international communities.  A list of papers and authors by year is attached.

Paul Mitchell (CA) was the founding Chair, from 2011 to 2014, succeeded by David Last (CA) who currently serves.

David Last, Paul Mitchell, and David Emelifeonwu established a web 2.0 site,, hosted by Ontario’s Research and Innovation Optical Network (ORION) from 2013 until the service was terminated in August 2016. The site included conference information, curricula and course outlines, a wiki on security institutions, and a collective blog. At the time it closed, it had 225 members from 25 countries and

Current projects include the Handbook on Field Studies in Peace and Conflict aimed at cadets and young officers, and an effort to re-establish a web 2.0 site for sharing information for educational institutions. Links have been established with European Security and Defence College (ESCD), NATO Defence Education Enhancement Project (DEEP), the International Symposium on Development of Military Academies (ISoDoMA) and the recently formed International Association of Military Academies (IAMA) which addresses pre-commissioning institutions.

Related contact information (June 2017)

Chair of ISMS Military Education Working Group

Lieutenant Colonel Nuno Alberto Rodrigues Santos Loureiro, Military University Institute of Portugal,  

Coordinator for working group on teaching strategic design

Dr. Paul Mitchell, Canadian Forces College,

Secretary of the International Association of Military Academies (IAMA)

Dr. Danic Parenteau, College militaire royale de Saint Jean,

Note that the 2019 biennial conference of IAMA, known as the International Seminar on Military Academies (ISOMA) will be held in Sweden in June of 2019

European Security and Defence College (ESDC)

Head of the ESDC Dirk Dubois,

Colonel Harald Gell, PhD, Office, 

Military Erasmus Program,

Symeon Zambas,